Develop an Enterprise Architecture Vision

Envision target state enterprise architecture and sell it to your stakeholders to secure approval and funding for your EA engagement.

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Your Challenge

Situation

  • To be successful, every Enterprise Architecture engagement (i.e. execution of the enterprise architecture process) requires stakeholder agreement on the scope and direction of the EA work.

Complication

  • EA engagements funded through non-discretionary budgets must be “sold” to stakeholders to get budgeted.
  • EA engagements typically deal with both IT and business stakeholders, who frequently have conflicting priorities and different visions of the ideal target state of the enterprise.
  • Target state EA needs to be compliant with multiple constraints and be achievable and operational with the capabilities the enterprise has or is planning to develop.

Our Advice

Critical Insight

EA vision development prevents many of the typical EA mistakes. EA engagements frequently fail due to organizations making the same mistakes over and over again. During your EA vision development:

  • Focus on the business:
    • Identify and confirm business drivers for EA work.
    • Identify and confirm constraints for your EA work.
    • Capture the initial set of architecture requirements to determine and register stakeholder needs and priorities.
  • Determine stakeholder concerns for the EA work and deliverables to be produced to address the concerns.
  • Define the scope of the EA effort in terms of breadth, depth, time period, and coverage of EA domains.
  • Assess your organization’s required EA capability to execute the EA engagement.
  • Assess your organization’s required IT capabilities to achieve and then operate the envisioned target state.
  • Perform business transformation readiness assessment to gauge the organization’s readiness to undergo change.
  • Market and sell your EA vision to your EA stakeholders.
  • Develop a Statement of Architecture Work and secure approval that authorizes the EA engagement.

Impact and Result

Using this research while developing your enterprise architecture vision will help you:

  • Right-size the proven COBIT- and TOGAF-aligned approach to developing an EA vision by tailoring it to the specifics of your situation.
  • Analyze business needs and context factors that shape your EA engagement.
  • Envision and describe target state enterprise architecture.
  • Assess enterprise capabilities required to execute the EA engagement, achieve and operate the target state, and manage the associated risks.
  • Secure approvals for EA engagement.

Contributors

  • Nick Malik, Microsoft Corporation
  • Brian Cameron, FEAPO
  • Graham Patterson, Graham Patterson Consulting Ltd.
  • Pallab Saha, National University of Singapore

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Get to Action

  1. Develop an enterprise architecture vision and sell it to your stakeholders

    Secure approval and funding for your EA engagement.

  2. Decide on the degree of formality and the level of detail you employ

    Right-size your EA vision development activities and steps to adequately address the enterprise’s needs and specifics.

  3. Define the scope of the EA effort in terms of breadth, depth, time period, and coverage of EA domains

    Allow the work of all architects within the enterprise to be effectively governed and integrated.

  4. Create a value chain diagram and high-level business capability maps

    Design target-state business capabilities to address business drivers and stakeholder requirements identified earlier.

  5. Perform business transformation readiness assessment

    Gauge the organization’s readiness to undergo change.

  6. Market and sell your EA Vision to your EA stakeholders and develop a Statement of Architecture Work

    Socialize the EA Vision Document among your EA stakeholders and achieve their buy-in and approval. Get funding and secure resources to work on the envisioned EA engagement.

Guided Implementation icon Guided Implementation

This guided implementation is a five call advisory process.

  • Call #1: Adapt the approach to fit your situation

    Decide if your EA engagement should be treated as a project or a process. Right-size your EA vision development activities and steps to adequately address the enterprise’s needs and specifics.

  • Call #2: Analyze business needs and context factors

    Determine business drivers, constraints, architecture principles, initial architecture requirements, stakeholder concerns and EA deliverables and models to be produced to address these concerns. Define the scope of the EA engagement.

  • Call #3: Envision and describe target state

    Draw initial draft high-level architectural models of baseline and target architectures. Define the target state architecture value propositions and value and performance measures.

  • Call #4: Assess enterprise capabilities and risks

    Assess your organization’s capabilities required to execute the EA engagement, achieve and operate the envisioned target state. Identify business transformation risks associated with the achievement of the target state and plan responses.

  • Call #5: Secure approvals for EA engagement

    Market and sell the EA Vision to your EA stakeholders. Develop a Statement of Architecture Work and secure approval that authorizes the EA engagement.

Onsite Workshop

Module 1: Adapt the approach to fit your situation

The Purpose

  • Adapt the approach to fit your situation.

Key Benefits Achieved

  • Understanding of the implications of EA, if it is treated as a project or process, and the ability to deal with those implications.
  • Increased awareness of key EA stakeholders and an improved strategy to effectively engage them.
  • An optimized, tailored approach to address the scope and goals of the EA engagement.

Activities: Outputs:
1.1 Decide if the envisioned EA engagement will be treated as a project or as a process.
  • List of implications
1.2 Identify and analyze your EA stakeholders, and develop a strategy to effectively engage them.
  • Stakeholder analysis summary table
1.3 Create an EA Vision document to facilitate stakeholder agreement on scope and direction of EA engagement.
  • EA Vision Document
1.4 Decide on the degree of formality and the level of detail you employ to develop an EA vision.
  • Risk and Complexity report

Module 2: Analyze business needs and context factors

The Purpose

  • Analyze business needs and context factors.

Key Benefits Achieved

  • Improved understanding of the business needs as they pertain to your EA work.
  • Ensuring the EA vision and scope of EA work is business-centric.

Activities: Outputs:
2.1 Identify and confirm business drivers for EA work.
  • Business drivers
2.2 Identify and confirm constraints.
  • Constraints
2.3 Locate and confirm architecture principles.
  • Architecture principles
2.4 Capture the initial set of architecture requirements.
  • Architecture requirements
2.5 Determine stakeholder concerns and EA deliverables to be produced to address them.
  • Stakeholder concerns
2.6 Define the scope of the EA effort in terms of breadth, depth, time period, and coverage of EA domains.
  • Scope of EA work

Module 3: Envision and describe the target state

The Purpose

  • Envision and describe the target state.

Key Benefits Achieved

  • Improved accuracy in describing the target state architecture.
  • Improved understanding of the organization’s high-priority business capabilities.
  • Improved ability to sell the target state EA to stakeholders.

Activities: Outputs:
3.1 Draw initial draft high-level architectural models of baseline and target architectures: value chain diagram, business capability maps, and conceptual-level view of the target application/technology environment.
  • High-level architectural models
  • Value-chain diagram
  • Business capability maps
  • Application/technology view diagram
3.2 Assess high-priority business capabilities.
  • Business capability assessment report
3.3 Define the target state architecture value propositions and measures.
  • Value propositions, value/performance measures

Module 4: Assess enterprise capabilities and risks

The Purpose

  • Assess enterprise capabilities and risks.

Key Benefits Achieved

An increased understanding of, and a plan for:

  • IT capabilities required to achieve and operate the target state.
  • The EA capability and how it will execute the EA engagement.
  • The business’ transformation readiness to undergo change.
  • Business transformation risks associated with the target state.

Activities: Outputs:
4.1 Assess your organization’s IT capabilities required to achieve and then operate the target state.
  • IT capability assessment
4.2 Assess your organization’s EA capability required to execute the EA engagement.
  • EA capability assessment
4.3 Perform business transformation readiness assessment to gauge the organization’s readiness to undergo change.
  • Business transformation readiness assessment
4.4 Manage business transformation risks associated with the achievement of the target state.
  • Business transformation risk assessment

Module 5: Secure Approvals for EA Engagement

The Purpose

  • Secure approvals for EA work.

Key Benefits Achieved

  • An optimized plan to communicate the EA Vision to stakeholders.
  • Increased likelihood of stakeholder buy-in and approval.

Activities: Outputs:
5.1 Market and sell the EA Vision to your EA stakeholders.
  • EA Vision Communication Plan
5.2 Develop a Statement of Architecture Work and secure approval that authorizes the EA engagement.
  • Statement of Architecture Work

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Onsite Workshops offer an easy way to accelerate your project. If you are unable to do the project yourself, and a Guided Implementation isn’t enough, we offer low-cost onsite delivery of our Project Workshops. We take you through every phase of your project and ensure that you have a road map in place to complete your project successfully.

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Search Code: 74166
Published: February 7, 2014
Last Revised: February 7, 2014

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